Political actors are using algorithms and automation to sway public opinion, notably through the use of “bot” accounts on social networking sites. This article considers the responsibility of social networking sites and other platforms to respect human rights, such as freedom of expression and privacy. It then proposes a set of standards for chat bots operating on these platforms, building on the existing policies of leading social networking platforms and on the indicators laid out by Ranking Digital Rights. A good normative framework for the use of bots on social networking sites should have three components: bots should clearly be labeled as such, they should not contact other users without consent, and information collected by them should only be used for disclosed purposes.
This paper seeks to advance the debate on how to connect the next billion Internet users in two fundamental ways. First, it analyzes Internet diffusion patterns in Latin America based on the most recently available household surveys. The use of large-scale household surveys (over 875,000 cases in total) has many advantages over the more commonly used industry data, the main one being the ability to analyze how socio-demographic characteristics affect Internet adoption. Second, the paper examines the unconnected population through different lenses…. Read More “How to Connect the Other Half: Evidence and Policy Insights from Household Surveys in Latin America”